tiara n : a crown-like jewelled headdress worn by women on formal occasions
- Finnish: tiaara
- German: Tiara
A tiara (from Persian تاره tara adopted in Latin as 'tiara') is a form of crown. There are two possible types of crown that this word can refer to.
Traditionally, the word "tiara" refers to a high crown, often with the shape of a cylinder narrowed at its top, made of fabric or leather, and richly ornamented. It was used by the kings and emperors of some ancient peoples in Mesopotamia. The Assyrians used to include a pair of bull horns as a decoration and symbol of authority and a circle of short feathers surrounding the tiara's top. The Persian tiara was more similar to a truncated cone, without the horns and feathers but more jewels, and a conic-shaped tip at its top.
Papal tiaraIn the Roman Catholic Church, the Papal Tiara is a high cap surrounded by three crowns and bearing a globe surmounted by a cross worn by the Pope during certain ceremonies, being the symbol of his authority. Since Pope Paul VI set aside his tiara after the Second Vatican Council, the Papal Tiara has not been worn. Pope Benedict XVI even removed the tiara from his Coat of Arms, replacing it with a mitre (but with some symbolic reference to the symbolism of the tiara, still in use in the Holy See's coat of arms). Tiara is also used as a name in many parts of '''the world.
Other tiarasIn modern times, however, a tiara is generally a semi-circular band, often metal, and decorated with jewels, which is worn as a form of adornment and not as a symbol of rank. It is worn by women around their head or on the forehead as a circlet on very formal or high social occasions. Tiaras are frequently used to "crown" the winners of beauty pageants. In western countries, a bride often wears a tiara as part of her wedding gown. Queen Elizabeth II is said to have the largest and most valuable collection of tiaras in the world, many of which are heirlooms of the British Royal Family. She is often seen wearing them on state occasions. Her personal collection of tiaras is considered to be priceless; in addition she received many of them through inheritance, especially from Queen Alexandra, and gifts from foreign countries. For example, a diamond and aquamarine tiara she received was a present from the people of Brazil.
Tiaras in fictionIn fiction, superheroine Wonder Woman is usually depicted wearing a tiara; hers can be thrown as a weapon, as can that worn by the magical girl character known as Sailor Moon, and also all Sailor Senshi wear tiaras.
The Tiara Pageant and Model Training StudioThe Tiara is also a famous Model and Pageant Training Studio In Pune, India. It is run by well known pageant coach Ritika Ramtri Kumar who has to her credit several Femina Miss India winners like Amrita Thapar, Gauhar Khan, Shilpa Keswani and Zoha Tapia.
- The Royal Collection tiaras of Queen Elizabeth II
tiara in German: Tiara
tiara in Spanish: Diadema
tiara in French: Tiare
tiara in Croatian: Tijara
tiara in Italian: Tiara
tiara in Japanese: 教皇冠
tiara in Latin: Tiara
tiara in Dutch: Tiara
tiara in Norwegian: Tiara
tiara in Polish: Tiara
tiara in Portuguese: Tiara papal
tiara in Russian: Папская тиара
tiara in Finnish: Tiara
tiara in Swedish: Tiara
tiara in Chinese: 三重冕
anklet, armlet, bangle, beads, bijou, bracelet, breastpin, brooch, cap of dignity, cap of maintenance, chain, chaplet, charm, chatelaine, circle, coronet, crook, crosier, crown, diadem, earring, ermine, fob, gem, great seal, jewel, keys, locket, miter, necklace, nose ring, orb, pallium, pastoral staff, pin, precious stone, privy seal, purple, purple pall, red hat, regalia, rhinestone, ring, robe of state, rod, rod of empire, royal crown, scepter, seal, signet, stickpin, stone, torque, triple crown, triple plume, uraeus, wampum, wristband, wristlet